Šta je Taiji / Taičičuan / What is Taiji?

December 12, 2017 Valentina Šljivić

Šta je Taiji / Taiči? Najvažnije lekcije o Taičičuanu

  •  Taiji izvodimo usporeno, tiho i mirno. Mirnoća nas navodi na razmišljanje. Razmišljanje nas vodi ka jasnoći. Jasnoća nas vodi ka razumevanju. Razumevanje nam omogućava da razrešimo sumnje.
  • Najbolji deo Taijiquana nije spoljna forma, već unutrašnja. Potrebno je da se vežba spoljašnja forma da bi se pronašla unutrašnja vežba.
  • Nema pogrešnog ili pravog vežbanja, samo različiti nivoi razumevanja. Nema savršenosti u jednoj vežbi samo različiti nivoi prefinjenosti-pročišćenja. Ne postoje stepeni (školski) u Taijiquanu, samo različiti nivoi napredovanja.
  • Taijiquan ne bi trebao da bude set uobičajenih pokreta, pre je to svesno kretanje. Nesvesno ponavljanje fizičkih vežbi je samo mehanička vežba. . Mehaničko izvođenje Taijiquan može da se nauči, ali suština Taijiquana mora da se razume.
  • Ne možete da uživate u lepoti Taijiquana ako samo vežbate a ne razumete ga. 30% razumevanja dolazi od učitelja, a 70% od vrednog, predanog vežbanja.
  • Naše telo nas poziva da vežbamo, zato što traži ravnotežu, umesto toga, naš um moli: Sačekaj-ne danas!
  • Nemoj da nalaziš izgovor da ne vežbaš, umesto toga grabi svaku priliku da vežbaš.
  • Prvo treba da otvoriš um, a zatim telo. Potrebno je prvo da opustiš um, a onda telo.
  • Neguj (gaji) svoje telo u skladu sa skupljanjem veštine. Neguj(gaji) svoj um u skladu sa skupljanjem mudrosti. Dobro je imati vere u vežbu, ali treba jaka vera da bi se izgradili duboko razumevanje veštine.
  • Kada si zagonetka, tvoj učitelj je odgovor. Kada imaš razumevanje, tvoj učitelj je sve. Ustvari, neki ljudi se osećaju opušteniji na krevetu nego na časovima taijia, u svakom slučaju, krevet ne mogu da nose sa sobom.
  • Uspeh mnogih starih majstora nije zbog čitanja, već zbog napornog vežbanja.
  • U starim vremenima, studentima je rečeno da prvo vežbaju, razumevanje dolazi kasnije. Danas, studenti žele da prvo razumeju, a zatim vežbaju.
  • Vežba sa poznatim majstorom ne garantuje da ćeš postati uspešan učenik; moraš da uspeš u svojoj vežbi.
  • Učitelj te uči da budemo taiji učenici, ne da budemo njegovi .
  • Učiteljeve vrline treba da budu važnije od njegovog umeća vežbanja.
  • Umeće vežbanja umire sa učiteljem, ali vrline ostaju.
  • Učiteljeva lična interpretacije je često nastala kao tajna nasledna veština, sa teorijom iza nje.
  • Svaki učitelj veruje u svoju interpretaciju vežbe, nema svrhe upoređivati razlike.
  • Napetost je kao čvrsti čvorovi sakriveni u našim mišićima, u našem umu, i duboko u našem srcu.
  • Vežbamo Taijiquan da bi otkrili skrivene čvorove i rešili ih.
  • Opušteno telo je telo koje se ne drži na stvarima. Opušten um je um koji se ne drži na stvarima.
  • Ako želiš da budeš opušten, vežbaj Taiji. Ako želiš da drugi budu opušteni vežbaj Taiji na njima.
  • Postoje četiri nivoa opuštenosti:

Prvi nivo: opuštena ramena i ruke

Drugi nivo: opušten struk i donji deo leđa

Treći nivo: opuštena kolena i stopala

Četvrti nivo: opušten um

  • Lako je videti “šta”, lako je pokazati “kako”, ali treba pravo razumevanje da bi se objasnilo “zašto”.
  • Taiji ne eliminiše stres; on pomaže da upravljaš njime.
  • Potrebno je da gospodariš sobom kao što gospodariš Taiji, i Taiji je o gospodarenju sobom.
  • Nemoj da nadmašuješ tuđe sposobnosti; umesto da nadmašuješ svoje.
  • Taijiquan je vežba određenih položaja; ponekada sporijih nego što je potrebno da se određeni položaj nauči tako da više nije ni važno.
  • Nije važno koliko si puta ponovio vežbu već koliko si duboko radio na njoj.
  • Nemoj samo da izvodiš pokrete-oseti ih.
  • Nemoj da dozvoliš da nesvesno telo upravlja tvojim umom, umesto toga, pusti da svestan um upravlja tvojim telom.
  • Ne radiš pokrete pogrešno, samo ih radiš nesvesno.
  • Uobičajeni strahovi učenja Taijiquana:

Strah od pada na zadnjicu,  Strah da ne budeš ignorisan, Strah da ne budeš sposoban,

Strah    od gubljenja identiteta,  Strah od fizičkog bola, Strah od “pogrešnog puta”,

Strah od davanja odanosti, Strah od lažne mašte.

  • Loša strana Taijiquana je što je težak za razumevanje. Dobra strana je što kada jednom razumeš, ima još da se uči.
  • Bogat sadržaj Taijiquana je sakriven u prelaznim pokretima. .
  • Svaki stav mirovanja može da se smatra Wuji stav - ne kretanje ali spremnost na akciju.
  • Qi (Ći) tone do tantiena i to je jedini srednji put. Qi (Ći) tone do stopala do krajnje tačke.
  • Najviši nivo Taijiquana nema potrebe za formom i pokretom-to je stanje bez namere.

English version:

What is Taiji? – The most important Taiji lessons

*We do Taiji slowly in order to be tranquil. Tranquility leads to contemplation . Contemplation leads to clarity . Clarity leads to comprehension. Comprehension enables us to dissolve all doubts.

* The best part of Taijiquan is not the external form, but the internal cultivation. You need to practice the external in order to find the internal.

* There's no right or wrong in one's practice, only different levels of understanding. There's no perfection in one's practice, only different levels of refinement .There's no graduation in the art of Taijiquan, only different levels of progress.

* Taijiquan should not be a set of habitual movements, rather, moves consciously. Mindless repetition of physical practice is only a mechanical exercise.

* The mechanics of Taijiquan can be taught but the essence of Taijiquan can only be comprehended * You cannot enjoy the beauty of Taijiquan if you just practice but don't understand it. Thirty-percent of understanding comes from your teacher, but seventy-percent from your diligent practice.

* It is our body that calls us to practice, for it wants to be in balance; Instead, it is our mind that cries out: "Wait—not today!"

* Don't find excuses not to practice, instead find every opportunity to practice.

* You have to open your mind first, then your body. You have to relax your mind first, then your body. * Cultivate your body in order to accumulate skills. Cultivate your mind in order to accumulate wisdom.

* It is good to have faith in our practice, but a strong faith needs to be built upon our deep understanding of the art.

* When you are puzzled your teacher is the answer. When you have comprehended everything is your teacher.

* Indeed some people feel more relaxed in a couch than at Taiji lessons, however, they cannot take the couch along with them.

* The success of many ancient Taiji masters was not from reading but training hard.

* In the old days, students were told to practice first, understand later. Nowadays, students want to understand first, practice later.

* To study with a famous master does not guarantee that you will be a successful disciple you have to make success of your own practice.

* A master is to teach us to be a student of Taiji, not his.

* A master's virtue should be more important than his powerful skill. Skill dies with the master, but his virtue gets passed down.

* A master's personal interpretations often became a lineage's secret transmission, and with a theory behind them.

* All masters believe in their own interpretations, there's no point to compare their differences.

* Tension is like hard knots hidden in our muscles, in our minds, and deep within our hearts. We practice Taijiquan in order to discover those hidden knots and dissolve them.

* A relaxed body is a body that does not hold onto things. A relaxed mind is a mind that does not hold onto things.

* If you want to be relaxed, practice Taiji. If you want others to be relaxed, practice Taiji (on them).

* There are four levels of relaxation: Level one: relaxing the shoulders and arms Level two: relaxing the waist and lower back Level three: relaxing the knees and feet Level four: relaxing the mind.

* It is easy to see "what," easy to show "how," but takes true understanding to explain "why."

* Taiji does not eliminate stress; it only helps you to manage it.

* You have to master yourself in order to master Taiji, and Taiji is about mastering yourself.

* Don't try to surpass another's ability instead surpass your own.

* Taijiquen practice is a slow fix sometimes it is so slow that the need to fix the problem is no longer important.

* It is not how many rounds of the routine you've done, it is how deeply you've worked on it.

* Don't just do the movements—feel them.

* Don't let the unconscious body steer your mind, instead, Let your  conscious mind steer your body.

* You are not doing movements wrong, you are just doing them unconsciously.

* The common fears of learning Taijiquan: fear of falling behind, fear of being ignored, fear of being incapable, fear of losing face, fear of physical pain, fear of learning the "wrong way", fear of showing the "wrong way", fear of giving commitment, fear of false fantasy.

* One bad thing about Taiji is that it is difficult to understand. One good thing about Taiji is that once you understand it, there's more to learn.

* The rich contents of Taijiquan are hidden within the transitional movements.

* Any posture in stillness can be considered a Wuji stance—Not moving but ready for any action.

* Qi sinks to the dantien is only the midway. Qi sinks to the feet is the final destination.

* The highest level of Taijiquan has no need of form and movement — It is a state of non-intent.

Preveo / Translated:  Radiša Đorđević

@ 2017 / 2018 Sva prava na sadržaj  zadržava Centar za psihofizički razvoj OSAM. Svako kopiranje, preuzimanje i izmena teksta koji podseća na isti podleže zakonskoj odgovornosti. Tekst možete podeliti kao informaciju i navesti izvor. Hvala!